International context
The extractive and primary processing industry is in great demand to meet the growing and increasingly diversified needs for mineral raw materials. Creator of wealth but also source of upheavals, it has the ability to strongly influence the development trajectories. Its environmental and societal impact can be considerable and its traces, even long after the closure of the facilities, difficult to erase.
The extractive and primary processing industry is therefore the object of all the attentions, of certain lusts, but also of the increased vigilance of the states, the institutions, the associations of protection of the environment or the quality of life of the citizens. and local populations of projects. They are more and more concerned with achieving a better redistribution of the positive benefits of exploitation and a better distribution of its negative effects, when they can not be avoided

This basic, global, innovative and risky industry is therefore encouraged to integrate more and more directly the principles of responsibility and ethics that add to the regulatory obligations. As for populations, they demand more transparency and greater involvement in decision-making that will affect them in the long term. 
While the mine has long been imposed on her territory, she must now deal with him.

National context
France has a long mining history. However, for 20 years, it has largely lost interest in the field of mineral resources: although it has maintained its expertise in specific fields (U, Ni, Mn, industrial minerals and quarries, ore processing, after-mine) other skills have become rare. In addition, mining engineering training in France is fragmented; some have even disappeared.

However, the idea of a revival of mining in mainland France and overseas has begun to make its way under the impetus of the public authorities and some exploration projects are already the subject of heated debate. At the same time, French-speaking countries continue to seek support from France for the development of mining projects, the creation of new training courses or the modernization of regulatory frameworks. 
France must therefore redevelop its expertise in training and research in the mining sector, particularly to support, in France and in friendly countries, the technical challenges and societal debates concerning the mining resources industry, so that it is efficient and responsible.

It is a national stake, European, but also of French international politics. 
If the notions of "responsible mine", or even "green mine", are more and more mentioned, the possibility of existence of these models is today at the heart of technical, social and regulatory debates, engaging both the mining operators, administrations, and civil society. The REx proposes for all actors in this context, a technical and scientific resource to support and carry out these new debates specific to contemporary extractive activities.

Copyright © 2017 - all rights reserved - www.mine-societe.org